What is Dental Technology?
Dental technology is a combination of both art and science of using dental instruments, dental equipment and creating remedial replacements for teeth. The dental replacements may be artificial teeth, dental crowns, tooth bridges, braces and more. Dental instruments are tools that dental professionals use to perform treatment. They include mirrors, probes, retractors, dental drills, burs, excavators, burnishers, pluggers, scalers, curettes, forceps, elevators, chisels, etc. Dental equipment includes the dental chair, X-ray unit, sterilisers, air rotors, compressors, micro motors and so on. Dental technology aids in restoring the function and structure of the teeth. It eases the job of the dentist and hygienist and facilitates normal functioning of the teeth. Use of professional dental software in assisting and planning patient treatment is also a part of dental technology.
Process of Dental Restoration
The execution of dental restoration/filling involves the management of dental instruments and equipment. Preparation for dental restoration involves usage of a variety of materials such as ceramics, metal alloys and plastics. The steps for the dental restoration process are –
- Designing the model (mouth or tooth) by the impression that is collected from patient
- Creating the model (customised) to make it look natural and function normally
- Screening the model for correct size, shape and colour
- Fixing the model in the mouth
Other newer dental technology procedures –include:
- Tooth whitening
- Laser treatment for tooth decay
- Dental implants (permanent replacement of lost teeth) Digital radiography (sends images to a computer by wireless method, no need for conventional X-ray)
- Kinetic cavity preparation (spraying away the decay without drilling)
- Bonding and adhesives (seal the tooth and blend naturally)
- Electronic dental anaesthesia (usage of electric pulses to pacify nerve sensation)